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dc.contributor.advisorHanafiah, Ridwan
dc.contributor.advisorNasution, Ely Hayati
dc.contributor.authorNazela, Fauziah
dc.date.accessioned2019-04-09T01:42:48Z
dc.date.available2019-04-09T01:42:48Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.otherAkhmad Danil
dc.identifier.urihttp://repositori.usu.ac.id/handle/123456789/13193
dc.description140705022en_US
dc.description.abstractThis thesis entitled “Conversational Structure Analysis in Police Forensic Investigation”. It is a study about conversational structure aspects used in the investigation interview between police and Elaine Campione (the suspect) in the case. The objectives of this study are: (1) to analyze how the police and the suspect did open and close conversation in the investigation interview, (2) to identify the strategies done by the police and suspect in their turn taking of the investigation interview, (3) to identify the types of adjacency pairs found on conversation between police and the suspect in the investigation interview and (4) to identify the types of repair found on conversation between police and the suspect in the investigation interview. The main theory used for this thesis is CA theory proposed by Harvey Sacks (1974) and Emmauel Schegloff (1968). The research found that the opening of this conversation used the closed-ended question type and summon-answer sequences. In the closing section, the suspect cannot give further details then she makes a reason to end the conversation. The strategies done by the police and the suspect in this conversation used turn taking allocation based on Sacks „three rules, there are R1, R2 and R3. In the conversation, R1 appeared 45 times, R2 appeared 74 times and R3 only appeared 11 times. In the conversation between police and suspect, there were 4 combinations of adjacency pairs. There were combinations of questions –answers with 38 pairs, information-response with 19 pairs, statement-confirmation with 13 pairs, and assertion-agreement with only 2 pairs. Moreover, there are 4 types of conversational repair found in the conversation. The type of repair that dominates in the conversation was self-initiated self-repair which appeared 16 times. Self-initiated other-repair appeared 2 times, and other-initiated self-repair also appeared with the same number, it was 2 times. While the last type of repair, that is other-initiated other-repair, was not found at all.en_US
dc.description.abstractSkripsi ini berjudul “Conversational Structure Analysis in Police Forensic Investigation”. Skripsi ini merupakan studi tentang aspek-aspek struktur percakapan yang digunakan dalam wawancara investigasi antara polisi dan Elaine Campione (tersangka) dalam kasus. Tujuan penelitian adalah: (1) untuk menganalisis bagaimana polisi dan tersangka melakukan pembukaan dan penutupan pada percakapan wawancara investigasi, (2) untuk mengidentifikasi strategi yang dilakukan oleh polisi dan tersangka pada giliran berbicara yang mereka gunakan dalam wawancara investigasi, (3) untuk mengidentifikasi jenis-jenis pasangan berdekatan yang ditemukan pada percakapan antara polisi dan tersangka dalam wawancara investigasi dan (4) untuk mengidentifikasi jenis-jenis perbaikan yang ditemukan pada percakapan antara polisi dan tersangka dalam wawancara investigasi. Teori utama yang mendukung skripsi ini adalah teori CA oleh Harvey Sacks (1974) dan Emmauel Schegloff (1968). Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa di dalam pembukaan percakapan menggunakan jenis pertanyaan tertutup dan summon- answer sequences. Sedangkan pada penutupan percakapan ternyata tersangka tidak dapat memberikan keterangan lebih lanjut maka dia membuat alas an untuk mengakhiri percakapan. Strategi yang dilakukan polisi dan tersangka dalam percakapan ini menggunakan turn taking allocation berdasarkan tiga aturan dari Sack, yaitu R1, R2 dan R3. Di dalam percakapan, R1 muncul 45 kali. R2 muncul 74 kali dan R3 hanya muncul 11 kali. Di dalam percakapan antara polisi dan tersangka, ada 4 jenis pasangan berdekatan. Yaitu ada 38 pasangan tanya-jawab, 19 pasangan informasi-tanggapan, 13 pasangan pernyataan-konfirmasi, 2 pasangan pernyataan-persetujuan. Selain itu, ada 4 jenis perbaikan yang ditemukan dalam percakapan. Jenis perbaikan yang mendominasi dalam percakapan adalah self-initiated self-repair yang muncul sebanyak 16 kali. Self-initiated other-repair muncul 2 kali, dan other-initiated self-repair yang juga muncul dengan jumlah sama, yaitu 2 kali. Sedang jenis perbaikan terakhir, other-initiated other-repair tidak ditemukan sama sekali di dalam percakapan.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherUniversitas Sumatera Utaraen_US
dc.subjectConversational Structureen_US
dc.subjectAdjacency Pairsen_US
dc.subjectTurn-Takingen_US
dc.subjectRepairen_US
dc.titleConversational Structure Analysis in Police Forensic Investigationen_US
dc.typeSkripsi Sarjanaen_US


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