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dc.contributor.advisorGinting, Meneth
dc.contributor.advisorSebayang, Thomson
dc.contributor.authorZehan, Refika
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-31T07:21:26Z
dc.date.available2019-07-31T07:21:26Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.urihttp://repositori.usu.ac.id/handle/123456789/16382
dc.description201 Halamanen_US
dc.description.abstractThe aim of the study was to describe the growth of the number of businesses and populations of broilers and egg layers over the past 5 years in Kabupaten Deli Serdang, to analyze the relationship of production input costs on the income of broiler and egg layer livestock businesses, to analyze the effect of production input costs on the income of broiler and egg layers livestock businesses, to analyze differences in farmer characteristics, input production costs, business income, and efficiency level between broiler and egg layer livestock businesses, and to describe the problems faced by farmers in running broiler and egg layers livestock businesses. The sampling method used was the census method for broiler livestock businesses and the purposive sampling method for egg layers livestock businesses, with a sample size of 68 samples. Data used primary and secondary data. The analytical method used is descriptive analysis method, analysis of the Pearson Correlation Coefficient, multiple linear regression analysis, and Independent Sample T-Test method. The results showed that (1) The average growth of the broiler number livestock businesses per year was 27.77% and the growth of the broiler population was 7.41% during 2013-2017. The average growth of the egg layer number livestock businesses per year is 1.05% and the growth of the egg layer population is 15.70% during 2013-2017 in Kabupaten Deli Serdang. (2) There is a significant relationship between production input costs and the income of broiler livestock business. (3) There is a simultaneous effect between the costs of production inputs on the income of broiler livestock business. (4) There is a significant relationship between the cost of production inputs and the income of egg layer livestock business. (5) There is a simultaneous effect between the cost of production inputs on the income of egg layer livestock business. (6) There are significant differences between the characteristics of broiler and egg layer farmers including (aspects of the experience of farming, number of families, and number of livestock). There are significant differences between the cost of input production, income, and the level of efficiency between broiler and egg layers livestock businesses. (7) There are problems faced by farmers in running broiler and egg layers livestock businesses.en_US
dc.description.abstractTujuan penelitian adalah untuk mendeskripsikan pertumbuhan jumlah usaha dan populasi ternak ayam ras pedaging (broiler) dan ayam ras petelur (egg layer) selama 5 tahun terakhir di Kabupaten Deli Serdang, untuk menganalisis hubungan biaya input produksi dengan pendapatan usaha ternak ayam ras pedaging (broiler) dan ayam ras petelur (egg layer), untuk menganalisis pengaruh biaya input produksi terhadap pendapatan usaha ternak ayam ras pedaging (broiler) dan ayam ras petelur (egg layer), untuk menganalisis perbedaan karakteristik peternak, biaya input produksi, pendapatan usaha, dan tingkat efisiensi antara usaha ternak ayam ras pedaging (broiler) dan ayam ras petelur (egg layer), dan untuk mendeskripsikan permasalahan yang dihadapi peternak dalam menjalankan usaha ternak ayam ras pedaging (broiler) dan ayam ras petelur (egg layer). Metode penelitian pengambilan sampel yang digunakan adalah metode sensus untuk usaha ternak ayam ras pedaging (broiler) dan metode purposive sampling untuk usaha ternak ayam ras petelur (egg layer), dengan besar sampel yaitu 68 sampel. Data yang digunakan data primer dan sekunder. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah metode analisis deskriptif, analisis Koefisien Korelasi Pearson, analisis regresi linier berganda, dan metode uji beda rata-rata sampel bebas. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (1) Pertumbuhan rata-rata jumlah usaha ternak ayam ras pedaging per tahun sebesar 27,77% dan pertumbuhan populasi ayam sebesar 7,41% selama tahun 2013-2017. Pertumbuhan rata-rata jumlah usaha ternak ayam ras petelur per tahun sebesar 1,05% dan pertumbuhan populasi ayam sebesar 15,70% selama tahun 2013-2017 di Kabupaten Deli Serdang. (2) Terdapat hubungan signifikan antara biaya input produksi dengan pendapatan usaha ternak ayam ras pedaging. (3) Terdapat pengaruh secara simultan antara biaya input produksi terhadap pendapatan usaha ternak ayam ras pedaging. (4) Terdapat hubungan signifikan antara biaya input produksi dengan pendapatan usaha ternak yam ras petelur. (5) Terdapat pengaruh secara simultan antara biaya input produksi terhadap pendapatan usaha ternak ayam ras petelur. (6) Terdapat perbedaan signifikan antara karakteristik peternak ayam ras pedaging dan ayam ras petelur meliputi (aspek pengalaman beternak, jumlah keluarga, dan jumlah ternak). Terdapat perbedaan signifikan antara biaya input produksi, pendapatan, dan tingkat efisiensi antara usaha ternak ayam ras pedaging dan ayam ras petelur. (7) Terdapat permasalahan yang dihadapi peternak dalam menjalankan usaha ternak ayam ras pedaging (broiler) dan ayam ras petelur (egg layer).en_US
dc.language.isoiden_US
dc.publisherUniversitas Sumatera Utaraen_US
dc.subjectKomparasi Usaha Ternak Ayamen_US
dc.subjectAyam Ras Pedagingen_US
dc.subjectAyam Ras Peteluren_US
dc.titleKomparasi Usaha Ternak Ayam Ras Pedaging (Broiler) dan Ayam Ras Petelur (Egg Layer) di Kabupaten Deli Serdang (Kasus: Kecamatan Galang dan Kecamatan Pantai Labu, Kabupaten Deli Serdang)en_US
dc.typeSkripsi Sarjanaen_US
dc.identifier.nimnipnik150304110


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