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dc.contributor.advisorSibarani, Robert
dc.contributor.advisorMulyadi
dc.contributor.authorSihombing, Maslan M.R
dc.date.accessioned2020-03-06T02:38:38Z
dc.date.available2020-03-06T02:38:38Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.urihttp://repositori.usu.ac.id/handle/123456789/24865
dc.description148 Halamanen_US
dc.description.abstractThe purposes of this study are to describe the domain, taxonomy, and semantic components; to find food naming patterns; to describe performance; and to find local wisdom in Batak Toba feeding tradition. Data collection was conducted by observation and interview. The object of observation was the feeding tradition conducted during birth ceremony, marriage ceremony and funeral in Batak Toba society located in the village of Simarmata, Samosir district and around the city of Medan. Informants interviewed were the ones you actively participated or acted as actors in the ceremony of birth, marriage and funeral. Anthropolinguistic approach was applied in this study with ethnographic method. The results of the study showed that there were two kinds of food fed in the ceremony of birth, marriage and funeral, namely: tudu-tudu sipanganon ‘food marker’ and dengke simudur-udur ‘fish put together on plate’. The text spoken at the time of feeding is called pasahat hata. It was found that birth domain consists of five sub-domains, namely 1) mambosuri 'to make full', 2) maranggap 'to guard', 3) mamboan aek ni unte 'to carry sour water', 4) martutu aek 'to be bathed', and 5) mebat 'to come'; marriage domain consists of nine sub-domains, namely 1) mangarisik 'to approach', 2) marhori-hori dinding 'to find out', 3) marhusip 'to whisper', 4) martumpol 'to promise', 5) martonggo raja 'to pray', 6 ) marsibuhabuhai 'opener', 7) unjuk 'party', 8) paulak une 'to return', 9) maningkir tangga 'check the stairs'; and the domain of death consists of eight sub-domains, namely: 1) saur matua mauli bulung 'longevity', 2) saur matua 'longevity', 3) sari matua 'there are still unmarried children', 4) mate mangkar 'died and leaving small child behind', 5) mate poso' died young ', 6) mate dakdanak 'died in the age of children', 7) mate di bortian 'died in the womb’, and 8) mate maningkot ‘the type of death caused by suicide’. It was also found the food taxonomies or classifications of Batak Toba foods arranged in a line diagram. Semantic component of marsipanganon ‘to eat’, semantic component of how to process food and cooking activities, naming patterns of traditional food na ni + verbs. The performance of feeding involves the recognition of 'husband's parents', hula-hula 'parent wife', and tulang 'uncle'. Local wisdom of Batak Toba feeding tradition, namely gratitude, mutual cooperation, health, harmony and conflict resolution. The research findings are the naming pattern of traditional food differs from the naming patterns of ritual foods. Traditional food na ni+ arsik (Verb) ‘stewed fish dish’, turns to : dengke simudur-udur (Adj), dengke sahat (Adj), dengke sitio-tio (Adj), dengke naporngis (Adj), dengke upa (Adj).en_US
dc.description.abstractTujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan domain, taksonomi, komponen makna, dan menemukan pola penamaan makanan, mendeskripisikan performansi dan menemukan kearifan lokal pemberian makanan tradisional Batak Toba. Sumber data pemberian makanan pada upacara adat kelahiran, pernikahan dan kematian diperoleh dari penelitian di desa Simarmata, Kabupaten Samosir dan Medan. Informan yang diwawancarai adalah orang yang terlibat aktif dalam upacara adat kelahiran, pernikahan, dan kematian. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan antropolinguistik dengan metode penelitian etnografi. Hasil penelitian makanan yang diberikan adalah tudu-tudu sipanganon ’penanda makanan’ dan dengke simudur-udur ‘ikan beriringan’. Teks yang diucapkan saat pemberian makanan disebut pasahat hata. Hasil penelitian ditemukan domain kelahiran, dengan lima subdomain yaitu 1)mambosuri ‘membuat kenyang’, 2)maranggap ‘menjaga’, 3)mamboan aek ni unte ‘membawa air asam’, 4)martutu aek ‘dipermandikan’, dan 5)mebat ‘datang’. Domain pernikahan memiliki sembilan subdomain yaitu 1)mangarisik ‘menelisik’, 2)marhori-hori dinding ‘mencari tau’, 3)marhusip‘berbisik’ ,4)martumpol ‘berjanji’, 5)martonggo raja‘memohon doa’ ,6)marsibuha-buhai ‘pembuka’, 7)unjuk ‘pesta’, 8)paulak une ‘mengembalikan’, 9)maningkir tangga ‘periksa tangga’. Domain kematian, terdiri atas delapan subdomain yaitu: 1)saur matua mauli bulung ‘panjang umur’,2) saur matua ‘panjang umur’, 3)sari matua ‘masih ada anak yang belum menikah’, 4)mate mangkar ‘mati anak yang ditinggal masih kecil’, 5)mate poso ‘mati muda’, 6)mate dakdanak ‘mati usia anak-anak’, 7)mate di bortian ‘mati dalam kandungan, dan 8)mate maningkot ‘bunuh diri’. Ditemukan taksonomi atau pengklasifikasian makanan Batak Toba yang disusun dalam bentuk diagram garis. Ditemukan komponen makna marsipanganon ‘makan’, komponen makna cara pengolahan makanan dan aktivitas memasak. Performansi pemberian makanan melibatkan pamoruan ‘orangtua suami’, hula-hula ‘orangtua istri’, dan tulang ‘paman’. Kearifan lokal pemberian makanan adat Batak Toba diantaranya, nilai spritual, rasa syukur, gotong royong, kesehatan, kerukunan dan penyelesaian konflik. Temuan pada pola penamaan makanan. Pola penamaan makanan tradisional berubah pada saat makanan tersebut menjadi makanan adat. Pola penamaan makanan tradisional na ni + arsik (Verba), berubah menjadi: dengke simudur-udur (Adj), dengke sahat (Adj), dengke sitio-tio (Adj), dengke naporngis (Adj), dengke upa (Adj).en_US
dc.language.isoiden_US
dc.publisherUniversitas Sumatera Utaraen_US
dc.subjectMakananen_US
dc.subjectAntropolinguistiken_US
dc.subjectDomainen_US
dc.subjectPerformansien_US
dc.subjectKearifan Lokalen_US
dc.titlePerformansi Pemberian Makanan Tradisional pada Upacara Adat Batak Tobaen_US
dc.typeTesis Magisteren_US
dc.identifier.nimnipnik157009030


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